How can a speech language pathologist help after a brain injury or stroke?

Traumatic brain injury, stroke

A speech language pathologist assists with speech, language, and cognitive functions after an injury occurs to the brain. The following is a quick overview of what these areas consist of:

Speech- Assist the patient with pronouncing words/sentences by re-training muscles and learning compensations so they can be understood by those around them

Language: Language consists of 2 parts:

1-    Receptive Language- this is how we take in and understand language from outside ourselves

A speech language pathologist would help a patient to understand the meaning of words/sentences and to follow directions

2-    Expressive Language- this is our language output- what we say

A speech language pathologist would help a patient to be able to name objects and people and to create meaningful phrases/sentences

Cognition: A speech language pathologist can help with attention, memory, reasoning, problem solving, and executive functioning by helping to re-train the brain or teach ways to compensate for deficits in these areas

-Attention: being able to focus on what you are doing for long enough to complete the task (for instance, being able to complete a sentence, finishing cooking a meal, etc.)

-Memory: this consists of several different kinds of memory, including long-term memory, short-term memory, working memory

-Reasoning: being able to figure out the cause of a problem and thinking through what would be the outcome of possible solutions

-Problem Solving: realizing that there is a problem and thinking of a variety of ways to fix the problem- this can be as simple as deciding how to get something off a high shelf when you are unable to climb on a step stool or more difficult tasks such as how to complete all the tasks required to go back to work after a brain injury

-Executive Functioning: this is the ability to make a decision, plan how you are going to carry out the decision, stick with the task to the end, but have the ability to think of alternative solutions if your plan is not working (cognitive flexibility)

If you (or a loved one) is struggling with any of these areas after a brain injury or stroke, I can help. We can work together to make positive changes. The sooner a patient starts therapy after a brain injury or stroke, the greater the possibility for recovery of lost brain function. Call Integrated Therapies at (602) 763-0915, and I can create a treatment plan based upon YOUR specific needs and symptoms, and based upon YOUR goals for recovery.